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Victoria Water Lily, Crested Floating Heart and Indian Lotus (Ecology)
2009-06-02 16:03:00
2009-06-02 16:05:00
2937
Leanne Chien
桃園市
Leanne Chien
桃園市
By TTNews Reporter Chang Ya-Shan
TTNews
Taoyuan County, Taiwan –


A series of the annual lotus blossom festival events has been held for more than a decade in Guanyin Township, Taoyuan County. Not only the events are getting more exciting and entertaining each year, but the diversity of lotus species has increased as well. Speaking of which, such as the so-called world’s smallest white water snowflake (Nymphoides indica), the world’s largest Victoria water lily (Victoria amazonica) with very large leaves and Indian lotus (Nelumbo nucifera “Big Versicolor”) with over one hundred petals are the rare species that can be seen in Taiwan.

Although white water snowflake, also known as Nymphoides indica, has a name relevant to India, it is a native genus of aquatic flowering plant in Taiwan with submerged root and floating leaves that hold the tiny flowers above the water surface. This is how it gets a name as “the crested floating heart”. As a result of only three-centimetre white pedals in diameter, white water snowflake has been hailed as the world’s smallest lotus. Apart from the lovely small bud, the hairy and pure white petals look feathers! The blossoming period of white water snowflake is from 10 am to 4 pm every day between July and September.

Victoria amazonica is native to water areas of Amazon River basin. The world’s largest lotus has a leaf, which is up to 2.8 meters in diameter and can be loaded up to 80 kilograms! Victoria water lily is well-known for its very huge and thick leaves, and because of its immensity, people often forget about the existence of its flower. In fact, Victoria amazonica has a very short flowering period. Its flowers can only last for three to five days. The flowers are white the first night they are open, become pink the second night and turn red the third night. As a result of photophobia, Victoria amazonica usually opens its flowers at dusk or night. If you would like to appreciate the beautiful flowers of Victoria amazonica, you probably need some luck!

Nelumbo nucifera “Big Versicolor” is a retained traditional genus in China, which is famed for its multi-petalled bowl-shaped flower. The mature flower has over ten layers of petals and the number of petals is up to 100. The petal is about 11 centimeters in diameter and 7 centimeters in width. When in full bloom, its versicolor petals and drop-dead gorgeous flowers surely will be really eye-catching and stunning!


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English and Chinese
Guanyin Township: 觀音鄉




【生態】蓮花面面觀 大王蓮 小白蓮 大灑錦

張雅姍/桃園縣

桃園縣觀音鄉每年舉辦蓮花季系列活動,至今已有10多年,活動一年比一年豐富精采之外,鄉內栽種的蓮花種類也越來越多元,以特殊性來說,號稱是世界最小蓮花的小白蓮(印度莕菜)、擁有世界最大蓮葉的大王蓮與花瓣數量近100瓣的大灑錦都是台灣少見的蓮花品種。

  觀音蓮農表示,小白蓮又稱印度莕菜,雖然,名稱與印度有關,卻是台灣土生土長的水生植物,屬多年生浮葉水生植物,由於,小白蓮的花朵直徑只有3公分,大約是一枚一元硬幣大小,如此迷你的花型,讓小白蓮被喻為世界最小的蓮花,除小巧可愛的花苞之外,小白蓮的純白色、毛茸茸花瓣,像極了羽毛,不注意觀察,有時真會忽略它的存在!小白蓮花期為7~9月,每天10:00~16:00盛開,隨即凋零,但花謝花開,賞花期頗長。

  原產於亞馬遜河流域的大王蓮,其蓮葉最大可達直徑2.8公尺,號稱是全世界最大的蓮葉。大王蓮的葉片碩大、葉片肥厚,據觀音蓮農的資料指出,大王蓮的最高乘載量可達80公斤!也正因為大王蓮的蓮葉太過特殊,讓不少遊客幾乎都忘了大王蓮"花"的存在,其實,大王蓮的花也是相當特別,它只有三~五天的開花期,第一天是白色,第二天變成粉紅色,第三天轉成紅色,第四、五天就謝了,花期短的大王蓮加上又是夜生品種,白天畏光的結果,大王蓮的花常縮得是只剩下花苞,想要一賭大王蓮開花美景的遊客,可得碰碰運氣!

  名為大灑錦的蓮花品種又有玉蝶虎口的別稱,大灑錦是中國杭州的傳統保留品種,屬重瓣中大型碗蓮,成株花瓣從裏到外約有十層,花瓣數量可超過100瓣,瓣長約11公分,瓣寬約7公分,每當盛開時節,花形碩大、花瓣華麗,花瓣尖端又帶有淡淡粉紅色暈的大灑錦,總吸引許多遊客的目光!(攝影/張雅姍)

觀音深度之旅:http://328.travel-web.com.tw
大桃園旅遊網:http://taoyuan.travel-web.com.tw
2009-06-02 16:03:00
2009-06-02 16:05:00
2937
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