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Art & Culture
The Origin of Taitung Lantern Folk Festivity - Bombarding Handan Festival (Folkways)
2009-10-14 17:18:00
2009-10-20 17:05:00
1953
Leanne Chien
台東縣
Leanne Chien
台東縣
By TTNews Reporter Liao You-Sheng
TTNews
Taitung County, Taiwan –


Taitung local gentry and Tianhou Temple in the early 1941 in order to oppose the policy of becoming the subjects of Japanese emperor and turning temple into shrine, local people initiated their very first holy procession right after the retrocession. Although there were not many people participated in this movement at the time, the procession was exquisitely well-planned.

At that time, the economy was not wealthy at all and all the temple palanquins were very simple, but the participants were so full of good faith. The palanquins were carried on the shoulders of the believers, stepping in a solemn manner.

In 1954, Taitung’s Lantern Festival activities took over by Haishan Temple. Ever since then, more and more local temples and folk troupes joined in this grand event of the year. The Lantern Festival in Taitung City has nearly 60 years of history. Everyone who is native-born in Taitung may have experienced the lively and joyful atmosphere of the Lantern Festival. Among that, the most popular local activity held in Taitung region during the Lantern Festival is the “Bombarding of Master Handan”.

It is said that Master Handan was originally a military officer in Shang Dynasty, named Chao Gong-Ming. Master Handan later became known as Martial God of Wealth due to his financial resources. In addition, another legend said that Master Handan was once a gangster. In order to show his repentance and wash away his sins, he was willing to receive people’s punishment by throwing firecrackers at him. It is also said that Master Handan was inborn to hate the cold, so people will throw firecrackers at him to warm him up wherever his palanquin goes. People also believe that the more firecrackers they throw the more financial resources Master Handan will bring to them in the new year.

Taitung’s annual Lantern Festival has been held for nearly 60 years in hopes of praying for steady weather, peaceful and tranquil year and abundant grain harvest as well as promoting traditional folk culture. The long-standing traditional procession has made a significant contribution to maintain the traditional folk arts and techniques. For the past decade, under the enthusiastic participation of temples and local people, the quality of the procession has shown a significant improvement. In the future, it is hoped that “Bombarding Handan Festival” will one day become an international well-known tourist event.


TTNews website: http://en.travel-web.com.tw/


English and Chinese
Lantern Festival: 元宵節
Bombarding Handan Festival: 炸寒單




【民俗】台東元宵民俗活動緣由 充滿祈福意涵的鄉土文化

廖祐笙/台東縣

  台東的地方仕紳及台東天后宮,在民國三十初年間為了反對「日本皇民化政策」,以及將廟宇改為「神社」等措施,於光復後發起遊街遶境的護神運動,當時參加廟宇的人與隊伍雖然不多,卻相當精緻。

  當時雖然經濟不富裕,各間廟宇的神轎很簡陋,但是參加人員全都滿心誠意,由善男信女們自願以步行的方式扛著神轎遊行,兩旁還舉著點煤油的火把助長陣勢,踏著七星步法抬著神轎,熱鬧非凡的展現赫赫神威。

  民國四十三年,台東元宵節的活動由台東海山寺接辦,參與的廟宇逐漸增加,並於民國四十初年間,由於信仰和敦親睦鄰的用意,加入許多駐守台東的軍方人員以及大陸人士,活動除了舞龍、舞獅表演之外,還有旱船、貝殼精、老背少、採高蹺等,積極的投入讓軍民打成一片,同樂慶元宵。民國六十九年後,再由台東天后宮接辦,並配合發展台東縣觀光節活動,將元宵節遊行合併擴大舉行,遊行間串連民俗技藝聯歡表演活動,參加的隊伍單位也陡增至七十隊左右,精彩的活動內容激發縣民返鄉愛鄉,也促進縣內的觀光旅遊事業發展。

  而流傳已久的民間習俗活動「炸寒單」,在台東地區也已經有五十多年歷史,曾於民國七十二年時被禁止,所有與炸寒單相關的民間活動全都停擺,直到七十八年,由在地人李建智先生推動復興工程,隔年元宵節再度舉辦睽違七年的「炸寒單」。

  相傳寒單爺為商朝的武官趙公明,領太上老君的法旨封為三十六天君之首的「武財神」,亦稱「趙天君」、「寒丹爺」,俗稱「寒單爺」,此外,民間也有寒單爺是為流氓神的說法,大徹大悟後接受鄉民們的炮轟洗去身上的罪惡,後為感念而尊稱之。據說寒單爺生性怕冷,所以出巡時讓大家用鞭炮來提高溫度,為祂驅寒並迎接寒單爺的駕臨。信眾相信武財神寒單爺是「正財神」,可以庇佑大家平安順利、財源廣進,若那一年的鞭炮炸得愈旺,財運也會愈旺。

  台東的元宵節活動延續舉辦至今已有將近六十年,以祈求境內風調雨順、國泰民安、五穀豐登、合境平安,並宣揚傳統民俗文化,其歷史悠久的遊行活動具有傳統鄉土的文化性,對於維繫民俗技藝傳統的貢獻頗大。近十年來,在台東縣各廟宇及地方人士熱烈參與下,對於遊行的素質有顯著的提升,並將寒單爺結合台東的觀光旅遊,逐漸發展出嘉年華會的方式,具有人文性、傳統性及鄉土文化的傳承意味,成為國際知名的觀光旅遊活動。(攝影/洪榕)

台東市區之旅:http://9501.travel-web.com.tw/
大台東旅遊網:http://taitung.travel-web.com.tw/
2009-10-14 17:18:00
2009-10-20 17:05:00
1953
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